Where: 27 km (17 nautical miles) southwest of Piraeus
Why: Picturesque houses, winding alleys, horse-drawn carriages, fertile plains, olive trees, aquamarine waters and an abundance of fragrant wildflowers in the spring.
How to get there: By high-speed hydrofoil from Piraeus. Connections are available from neighboring islands Agistri, Poros, Hydra and Spetses.
For information: Port of Piraeus +302104147800
Approximate travel time from Athens: 40 minutes by hydrofoil
Don't miss: Afea Temple, the oldest surviving temple in Greece; the Folklore Museum; Archaeological site and museum of Kolona; Waterpark and nearby Moni Island, accessible in the summer by small boat from Perdika.
Must try: The world-famous Aegina gourmet pistachios, homemade rizogalo (rice pudding), marmalade and local cheese, mytzithra
Beaches: Agia Marina, Aiginitissa, Avra Beach, Aqua Loca, Kima Beach, Marathonas Cantina Beach, Marathonas Beach, Sarpa Beach
Did you know? The pistachios of Aegina are considered to be one of the world's greatest varieties. The island produced the first Greek coins, known as the silver "tortoises" that subsequently gained great financial leverage throughout the Greek world. Nikos Kazantzakis wrote "Zorba the Greek" here. Nobel laureates Giorgos Seferis and Odysseus Elytis lived on the island, finding its natural environment inspiring.
For more information: www.aeginagreece.com